What is oral hygiene?
Basically, Oral hygiene is all about the proper way of cleaning your mouth to prevent gingivitis, cavities, periodontitis, tartar and most of all people hated the bad breath. It includes brushing teeth, cleaning the tongue, flossing, and visiting a dentist regularly. Hygiene helps the growth and regenerate your oral tissues. Also boost your self confidence and giving you a healthy body. Without proper hygiene can make improper balance of health. There are some things that you can do have a good oral hygiene. Tooth decay is the most usual problem worldwide, a global disease if I may say so.
- Brushing teeth – brushing regularly is one of the most important things that you can do to have a healthy teeth and gums. Dentist recommendation in brushing teeth is at least two to three minutes and at least twice a day. Do not overbrush. Over-brushing can also lead to the risk of having damage gums and sensitive teeth.
- Floss – using dental floss helps to remove those decaying foods stuck between your teeth and plaque. The decaying foods can cause soreness in the gum that leads to gum bleeding easily. That’s why flossing is also an important factor to clean and remove those hard to reach food particles that toothbrush can’t reach to gain a good clean mouth.
- Tongue cleaning – is also a requirement, cleaning tongue removes fungi (such as Candida), dead cells, the white/yellow coating bacteria that generate bad breath and bacteria that may cause gum problems and tooth decay.
- Food and drink – foods contain vitamins and minerals that can help in oral heath. Water is one of them that contains fluoride and it is one of the primary defense of dental cavities. Vitamin C which is usually found in fruits help makes gum tissue healthy. Zinc and magnesium, these two elements found in meats helps for stronger teeth. There are foods that give benefits and some are harmful.
- Beneficial foods – some foods help making teeth and gums healthy. This food helps fight the bacteria and increase saliva production inside our mouth. Saliva contains chemicals that are a main defense factor in our mouth.
- Dairy foods contain calcium and phosphate, which are the main component of teeth.
- Green tea contains polyphenol antioxidant that reduces the risk of having plaque, gum disease and cavities.
- Fruits contain Vitamin C the helps build cell together, keeping the gums tender and away from diseases.
- Animal meat and eggs contain calcium that is the most vital element of our teeth.
- Vegetables has a vitamin A that is necessary for the tooth enamel formation. Some of the vegetables are crunchy that also help clean gums.
- Harmful Foods – Not all food that goes in our mouth are healthy and good for oral health. Sugar is the most common source of cavities. The more sugar mouth takes, the more the teeth is exposed to a low pH level (pH – is a measure of acidity of aqueous solution). Carbohydrates can also damage indirectly to the teeth. The potato chips that we eat, it contains with starch and that starch is being converted into sugar by salivary amylase (an enzyme in saliva) that may also damage teeth.
Without proper oral hygiene some disease can be triggered, here are the list:
- Bacterial Pneumonia
- Cardiovascular Disease (Stroke and Heart attack)
- Diabetes complications
- Low/Extreme High Birth Weight
- Bad breath
These are the risk of disease if good oral health is not properly maintained in our regular daily basis and can be reduced or prevented. Generally it is recommended that good oral hygiene leads you to better health and lifestyle.
Recommendation: Visit your dentist at least once or twice a year for a regular check of your teeth and gums and if you are a smoker try to visit your dentist more often.