A bacterial infection that results to a pocket of pus is what tooth abscess. There are different parts of the tooth that can affect abscess:
• The Periodontal is an abscess appears and infect the gum next to the root tooth part.
• The Periapical is an abscess occurs at the tip of root tooth. This is the result when there is an untreated dental injury, cavity or some prior dental work.
• Pericoronal abscess, pertains to the soft tissues walling the top part of a tooth.
• Gingival abscess affecting the gum tissue only.
• Periodontic-endodontic combined abscess, this is a dental situation where a periodontal abscess and periapical abscess are present.
Symptoms to take note on abscessed tooth:
• There will be pain when chewing.
• Swelling and toothache.
• Odd or bitter taste in the mouth.
• Gum tissue is swollen, inflamed or infected.
• Gum tissue drainage.
This can induce openings to the anamel tooth, which can let the bacteria affect the middle part of the tooth called pulp. Such infection can travel from the root tooth up to the bones supporting the tooth if not treated right. It is best when you feel the uneasiness mentioned above, you can consult with your dentist right away to avoid further complications.
The Tooth is Diagnosed by
• Using a dental instrument, your dentist will examine your teeth.
• Feeling pain when the instrument tapped your tooth is a positive indication that you have an abscessed tooth.
• You’ll also be asked if the pain increases when you close your mouth tightly or bite down.
• Having a red swollen gum may give your dentist help to think you already have an abscessed tooth.
• In some cases, the dentist may ask you to take X-rays to check for erosion of bone in the area if there is abscess.
Treatment for Abscessed Tooth
Removing the infection means draining the abscess using the root canal procedure. This type of surgery is often used to take off diseased tooth tissue after the infection has worn-off.
Extracting the tooth to be able to drain through a socket is another option for the Dentist.
An incision into the swollen gum tissue is the third method to drain the abscess.
The patient will be prescribed antibiotics to fight the infection. While for pain and discomfort due to the abscessed tooth, over the counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen and rinsing the affected area with warm salt-water rinse can help ease everything.
Prevention is Better than Cure
To avoid such situation is far better than finding a solution. Below are the preventive measures to dental abscess to happen:
• Brushing your teeth is very basic but can help you a lot.
• Dental floss habit. Using a floss to reach the area that your toothbrush can’t reach is a plus for hygiene and teeth protection.
• Replace toothbrush every 4 months or when the bristles are frayed, will make tooth brushing more effective.
• Consuming healthy food and avoiding much sweet.
• Regular checkups with your dentist and teeth cleaning.
• For extra layer protection, use an antiseptic mouthwash to fight tooth decay.